Braunstone Frith Primary School

Ask Kids
Ask Kids

Learning in KS1

Please Note: This page is currently being redesigned. 

Children in Key Stage One (KS1) love to learn through a challenging, inspiring and lively curriculum! A wide range of creative learning experiences and opportunities are provided through which KS1 children develop their confidence and skills, and achieve the highest standards of which they are capable of in all areas.Children are taught in whole classes in all subjects, to enable children to aspire to be the best they can be and learn together in a supportive environment.



Children in KS1 have many opportunities to develop their reading skills which include:

  • Phonics lessons
  • Shared reading
  • Guided reading
  • One-to-one reading
  • Independent reading
  • Reading across the curriculum
  • Class novels and stories

Braunstone Frith Primary School is a ‘Knowledge Transfer Centre’ who works closely with the Literacy consultant Ann Smallberger, to ensure staff are fully trained, confident and able to share good practice in early reading and phonics.

KS1 have daily, whole class phonics lessons and gain confidence from the familiar structure and mantras used. These lessons help children to develop their phonological awareness as well as their segmenting and blending skills. There is also an emphasis on applying their phonics knowledge and skills to written work which has had a positive impact on motivation and confidence to write.

Children in Year 1 start by revising Phase 3 phonics and then quickly move on to learning Phase 4 and part of Phase 5. Children in Year 2 complete Phase 5 and then move on to learning a wide range of spelling rules. The different phases of phonics, which start in Foundation Stage One, are described below:

    • Phase 1: Everyday sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration and oral segmenting and blending.
    • Phase 2: Single sounds and how to read and write them in words.
    • Phase 3: Simple digraph and trigraph sounds (e.g. oo, er, ear and igh) and how to apply these to words and sentences.
    • Phase 4: Adjacent consonants (e.g. fl, pr, cr and st) and how to apply these to words and sentences.
    • Phase 5: Alternative digraph and trigraph sounds (e.g. ie, ph, oe and ai) and how to apply these to words and sentences.


Children in KS1 take part in one guided reading session and up to three shared reading sessions per week as well as regular one-to-one reading with an adult. There is a consistent approach to teaching reading strategies throughout phonics, shared and guided reading where a range of learning styles are incorporated to engage all learners. There is also an emphasis on speaking and listening. Technical language is introduced early on and KS1 children are able to verbalise the strategies they use to decode and read for meaning.    

Braunstone Frith Primary School is also a Reading Recovery school. Reading Recovery is an intensive programme to support six year olds who find reading challenging. A trained Reading Recovery teacher works with particular children for 30 minutes a day for up to 20 weeks to ensure they become able to read at the same level as their classmates, or at the very least, make accelerated progress. In KS1 a large number of staff are also trained to deliver Better Reading and Writing Partnerships (BRWP). This is a reading intervention based on Reading Recovery principles, but it is less intensive.

For more information about Reading Recovery 'click' here


All KS1 children have a selection of reading books to share at home with parents. These books are graded according to difficulty based on Reading Recovery levels. The children’s reading abilities are regularly assessed individually and in guided groups so they move through the levels at their own pace. Children are also encouraged to read texts of their own choice including library books, comics, magazines and newspapers, as well as listening to stories, so they can develop a passion for reading.



Children in KS1 enjoy many opportunities to write both during English lessons and through their topic work.

‘Talk4Writing’ is one approach that children experience to support them in becoming confident writers in many different styles. Talk4Writing involves children taking part in a range of fun tasks to support them learning and rehearsing texts orally, getting to know the key language patterns and structure before reading and analysing it further. Shared writing is an important part of all units of work and shows children how to create a piece of writing in the same style before having a go themselves. Both KS1 teachers and children love this approach and the confidence it gives children to write is incredible!

Children also enjoy learning through the contexts of carefully chosen novels that they will find particularly interesting or be able to relate to in some way. Developing skills through the novel approach provides children with the opportunity to read a broader range of texts and to make links between them. New vocabulary is explored and key questions are asked to develop understanding of story plots and characters. Throughout these units children enjoy writing in a variety of styles that help them to respond to the text and explore it further. Children find these units of work inspiring both for their reading and writing which is wonderful to see.

Spelling and Grammar

Spelling and grammar are an extremely important part of the KS1 curriculum. Grammar is taught daily and followed with an opportunity to apply their skills. This includes understanding a wide range of punctuation (full stops, exclamation marks, questions marks, commas and apostrophes), knowing how to identify and write different types of sentences (statements, questions, exclamations and commands) and understanding different types of words and how they are used (adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions etc). Phonics or spelling are also taught daily and cover the wide range of spelling rules expected by the end of KS1. Spellings are sent home and tested weekly but an emphasis is also placed on applying these spellings within the context of children’s written work.  



We are now teaching Singapore Maths across the school from year 1 to year 6. You can visit the ‘Maths No Problem’ website to find out more.

 In year 1 and 2 the children will be reading and writing numbers to 100. They will investigate place value (tens and ones), counting forwards and backwards, addition and subtraction, number bonds and word problems.

This method of teaching helps the children to talk about their maths and develops their reasoning skills.

The children’s knowledge of number bonds to 20 and times table knowledge is vital so please support your child with this at home. In year 2 the children will learn their 2, 10 and 5 times table.


“I like Maths because it’s fun and we play games”

“We find out about shapes, counting in fives and time”



The RE curriculum follows the RE Discovery Syllabus. This allows all pupils to develop understanding of other beliefs and cultures which may be different to their own. The curriculum includes visits to places of worship and finding out about religious artefacts, books and customs.




There are opportunities in school for pupils to learn musical instruments including: guitars, trombones, trumpets and steel pans. The music curriculum is based on the Charanga scheme.



All pupils in Key Stage 2 have French lessons from our specialist French teach, Madame Patterson. In the lessons the pupils learn the language and develop their vocabulary through a range of interactive games and songs.



The PSHE curriculum is based on Jigsaw and has different themes throughout the year, including Mindfulness, Well-being, British Values and Sex & Relationship Education. Lessons include stories, circle time and discussions to support pupils understanding as well as opportunities to share positive messages or ideas to support each other.




In PE, teaching is based on the Val Sabin scheme. Throughout the year pupil’s work on different elements of PE including gymnastics, ball games, dance and invasion games. In year 3 and 4 pupils also have swimming lessons as part of their PE curriculum.




We enable our children to develop the skills needed to work scientifically. We teach the children how to question, plan, observe, record, conclude and evaluate so that they can apply these scientific skills when investigating in other areas of the curriculum. The curriculum allows pupils to investigate an area of Science through practical investigations, experiments and observations. 



Please see the "How to help your child at home" page for more information.